One of the positive aspects of public media noted by the 4th APAP is how it can change the environment of public art and transform the access way of the public approaching the work. In this context, the 4th APAP presents *MU*, a fog installation by Fujiko Nakaya in conjunction with Sota Ichikawa of doubleNegatives Architecture (dNA), an architect and program designer.
Fujiko Nakaya is the one of the first artists to work with fog as a sculptural medium. This is not to say that she molds the medium solely according to her conception; rather, her approach is a subtle collaboration with water, atmosphere, air currents and time. Experiential and ephemeral in nature, her fog sculptures continuously change in forms depending on geographical features, temperature, humidity and wind. The artificial fog soars to the sky with strong winds, envelopes the surroundings when there is no wind. And with rain, it transforms the space into a sea of mist.
*MU*, installed next to Jungcho Temple site within Kimchungup Museum, is comprised of mechanical components such as pumps and nozzles that produce artificial fog, and a pump room for system operations. Weather sensors are installed on a nearby lamp post to measure wind speed and direction, temperature and humidity. Through the minute holes in multi-channel nozzles laid underground, high pressure is applied to generate and diffuse artificial fog, all of which is controlled by the valve controlling system designed by dNA.
The artificial fog is released towards the virtual target at the center. The location of this target moves according to the real time data collected by the weather sensors, the volume and direction of the fog changing subsequently. Though the fog seems to form and disperse arbitrarily, this system allows the fog to maintain balance and consistency.
In order to create a fog installation for the 4th APAP, Nakaya and dNA surveyed various sites in Anyang, including the Anyang Art Park, Kimchungup Museum and Anyang Pavilion, finally deciding on the front lawn of the Museum’s Anyang Temple Site Hall. Although the site presented many obstacles due to its proximity to the cultural heritage protection site, the artists were able to create a new mechanism that creates more dimensional forms. The process of repeatedly creating shapeless and intangible fog reflects a certain quality of the space, which has secretly held the traces of a multi-layered history, and invites audiences to a utopia non-existent in this world. Nakaya says her initial inspiration for this project came from mercury, which always comes back to its initial “complete” form. The title *MU* stands for “mercurial unfolding,” while simultaneously meaning fog (霧, Mu) and non-existing (無, Mu).
후지코 나카야 Fujiko Nakaya ∙
With the interest in continuous creation and extinction of nature, Fujiko Nakaya has been producing various formless fog dispersing and disappearing since 1970's. Eagerly utilizing the property of artificial fog reacting to artificial and natural environment and incidental elements, she has been cooperating with contemporary media artists in many areas. Her works are permanently installed in Guggenheim Museum Bilbao and National Gallery of Australia among others, and were introduced in numerous exhibitions including the Singapore Biennale, Yokohama Triennale and Shanghai Work Expo.
더블네거티브스 아키텍처 doubleNegatives Architecture ∙
dNA in short, doubleNegatives Architecture is a group consisting architects, artists, software and hardware developers, and musicians. They are involved in the works of expanding architecture conceptually and technically under the notion that architecture is an act of measuring and forming a space.
Engineer: Sadahiko Nishizawa
Technician: Shiro Yamamoto
Production Manager: Sayaka Shimada
Production Assistant: Yunkyung Kam
Interpretation: Munju Cho
Kim Chung Up Museum
MU is located in the yard of Kim Chung Up Museum.